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What is blood compatibility chart?
Ans. It shows the relation between donor blood group and recipient blood group. For this please refer blood compatibility chart.

Why should I voluntarily donate blood?
Ans. Human blood is produced only by the human body and cannot be synthesized. Blood requirements of patients who have blood loss due to major accidents or diseases or due to surgery can only be met by blood donation. Hence it is the duty of each of us to donate blood and help each other in our times of need.

What are the benefits of blood donation to me?
Ans. Every time you donate a unit of blood at a blood bank, which is a member of the association of Voluntary Blood Banks, you will receive a certificate and a Blood Donation Card. This card can be used by you to get blood from the registered blood bank when you have a need. Also, every time you donate blood, screening tests are done on the blood for jaundice, hepatitis, AIDS etc. Hence, you are able to get screened for these communicable diseases free of charge. And, of course, most important of all, every time you donate blood you get the satisfaction of helping a fellow human being in his/her time of need. You will be donating a little of your blood to save someone's life.

At what intervals can I donate blood?
Ans. You can safely donate blood at intervals of eight weeks.

Will blood donation cause harm to my health?
Ans. Blood donation does not cause any ill effects on the human body and is 100% safe. To understand this let us go a little into body physiology. The total amount of blood circulating in our body's cardiovascular system is about 5 liters. Of this amount, only about 350 ml. is bled from the body during blood donation. The human body replenishes this amount of blood donated within about 48 to 72 hours of donation. Thus there is no harmful effect to health due to blood donation.

Can I get communicable diseases by donating blood?
Ans. No. There is no possibility of getting communicable diseases by donating blood as the blood collecting set and needles used are sterile and also disposable, i.e. they are destroyed after single use.

When should I not donate blood?
Ans. You should not donate blood if you are below 18 years or above 60 years of age and weigh below 40kgs. You are not supposed to donate blood if you are suffering from any of the following conditions:

Permanently, from
• Diabetes
• Heart disease
• Tuberculosis
• Kidney disease
• HIV/AIDS
• Serum Hepatitis (Australia Antigen Positive)
• Or prone to vasovagal attacks.

Temporarily, if you
• Have fever
• Have anemia
• Are on some medication
• Are pregnant/lactating/menstruating
• Had taken any vaccination in last 6 weeks
• Had suffered from malaria/typhoid in last 1 year
• Had jaundice other than serum hepatitis in last 3 years.

Why should we donate blood?
Ans. Blood donation gives, a proud feeling of touching someone’s life in such a beautiful way. Its an experience that no words can define. You have to donate blood yourself to find out. By keeping the blood line flowing, you will greatly contribute towards a healthier, happier society. Do remember, any one may require blood any time. Including ourselves and our dear ones. You also benefit in other ways by donating blood. It reduces the chances of ischemic heart diseases (beginning of heart problems) as frequent donations reduce the accumulated and unwanted iron load from the body.

Any side effects of Blood donations?
Ans. No ! Not really. Do ask any regular blood donor about it. A small percentage of first time donors may psychologically feel a little dizzy but only for a few minutes. Staff at the blood bank will ensure that your first blood donation is a happy experience. We are sure this will make you a regular blood donor. In fact there are many people who have donated more than 100 times in their life time.

Can I get any disease like AIDS or Hepatitis or any other disease by Blood donation?
Ans. That is impossible. Only sterile disposables are used to collect your blood. These disposables can be used only one time. This totally eliminates any remote chance of catching any disease from blood donation.

How much Blood can I donate?
Ans. Eligible donors (any body between 18 to 60 years of age and leading a healthy life) with weight above 50 kgs. can donate up to 450 ml of blood. Your body can replenish this volume within 24 hours.

How frequently can I donate Blood?
Ans. Males - Every 3 Months, Females - Every 4 Months.

Why should I become a regular blood donor?
Ans. As you know, blood is a life saving medicine, which works wonders in certain medical treatments, and life threatening situations. It is an emergency medicine. Our society is today threatened by scarcity of blood. The only source of blood right now is human being.

This issue has got further complexes by professional donors, who donate blood for money. These donors have contributed towards rapid spread of killer diseases like AIDS, Hepatitis B & Hepatitis C in the society. WHO strongly recommends the source of blood as only from a regular voluntary blood donor. Your regular donation will go a long way in salvaging the situation.

What should I eat before blood-donation?
Ans. Anything, but preferably something. Eating light snacks and a drink (nonalcoholic) before blood donation makes you psychologically more comfortable. Drink some liquid like tea, cold drink, juice, etc. to replenish fluid and eat some snacks. All this will be available for you at the blood bank.

What exactly happens during blood-donation?
Ans. Giving blood is a very simple and straight forward process. On arrival at a blood bank, you will be asked to fill a few details on a donor form. Your medical history will be taken by a medical personnel in an area which provides adequate privacy. Blood Banks routinely take a small drop of blood to ensure that you aren't anemic. After you pass this simple medical screening process, you will be escorted to a blood donation area. The actual blood donation takes about 10 minutes followed by a little rest and refreshments.

What does a blood bank do?
Ans. It collects blood, processes it in its components, tests for any possible disease, stores blood components at optimum temperature and gives these to the needy patients after cross matching.

Why blood components?
Ans. In modern medicine there is no room for whole blood. Developed countries have switched over to blood components for more than 20 years. Unfortunately in India still 95% of the blood is used as whole blood. By making blood components, all the useful parts of blood can be used. In whole blood, platelets die and clotting factors become ineffective and the patient receives unwanted and ineffective components.

What all things you test my blood for?
Ans. Each and every unit of blood is tested for HIV Virus (AIDS), Hepatitis B & C virus (Jaundice) Malaria Parasite, Syphilis and also blood groups.

Post Donation Care

  • Eat and Drinks something before leaving
  • Drink more liquids than usual in next 4 hours
  • Avoid consuming alcohol until you have eating something
  • Don't smoke for next 30 minutes
  • Avoid climbing steps for next 30 minutes
  • If there is bleeding from the phlebotomy site, raise the arm and apply pressure
  • If fainting or dizziness occurs, either lie down or site with the head between the knees
  • Resume all normal activities if no symptoms occur
  • Remove bandage next day.

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